The Purpose of Bankruptcy

No one ever really wants to file for bankruptcy, but there are times when it can be unavoidable for many.  People will want to file for bankruptcy if they have quite a bit of debt and no way to possibly pay it off during their lifetime.

The main purpose of bankruptcy is to give everyone a fresh start in life without a mountain of debt hanging over their head, while also allowing their creditors to collect at least some of the money that is owed to them.  After paying their creditors the amount that the bankruptcy courts tell them to, they will no longer be responsible for any of their remaining debt to those creditors.

There are six different types of bankruptcy filing options, although, only two of them are meant for regular people.  Chapter 7 bankruptcy will find people liquidating everything that they own to pay off their debts, while Chapter 13 will allow a person to keep their home as they are repaying all their creditors.  However, both options will allow everyone to keep most of their property and assets in the end if they qualify for certain exemptions.

The other four bankruptcy options include Chapter 9, Chapter 11, Chapter 12, and Chapter 15.  Chapter 9 can only be filed by a municipality and basically requests a reorganization process for that area.  Chapter 11 is usually used by commercial organizations as they try to reorganize their assets to pay off debts.

Chapter 12 is the bankruptcy code that farmers and fishermen need to file under if their business is not going well due to circumstances out of their control.  Through this process, a bankruptcy lawyer can help them create a plan to get out of debt within three years, unless the court allows for a longer time frame.

Chapter 15 is for cross-border cases, where the creditor and debtor live in different countries.

Everyone is encouraged to hire a bankruptcy lawyer to assist them through the entire bankruptcy process, so that they can file for the proper chapter of bankruptcy.  After all, the entire bankruptcy system is quite complex and there are many legal terms and phrases that people may not know or understand.  It can be quite easy for a person to get lost in the process, which is why the guidance of a bankruptcy lawyer is always a good option.

Anyone that chooses to not hire a bankruptcy lawyer may find themselves worse than they were before, especially if they need to pay their creditors more than they should in a shorter amount of time.  The goal of bankruptcy is to get out of debt and move on with life, not continue to feel stuck for a longer period of time.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

The Truth About Bankruptcy In 2018

Many people these days find themselves in serious financial trouble and things have gotten so bad that they feel that they don’t know what to do anymore. Being in that situation has to be extremely scary as your creditors are not likely going to be understanding when you cannot pay them even the minimum amount due.

 

It gets even worse for you if you own your home and you are not able to afford your mortgage and the bank is threatening to take away your home. There is are not really whole on of things for you to do if you have gotten to the point where you can longer afford make all of your payments. One of the last resorts is a legal proceeding called bankruptcy.

What is bankruptcy

A bankruptcy is a legal proceeding in which you face a judge and you tell them that you no longer have the means to continue to pay your debts. The judge will appoint a trustee and they will evaluate your debts and your income in order to determine if they think your debts should be discharged. Fortunately, if you own your home, a foreclosure can be stopped, and you will not lose your home. However, there are certain debts that are not covered by bankruptcy and you will still responsible for paying them once your bankruptcy has been discharged.

 

Here are a few examples of debts that cannot be discharged by a bankruptcy;

  • Student Loans
  • Tax debts, fines or penalties from the government
  • Court-ordered child support payments
  • Court ordered alimony payments

 

Filing Bankruptcy will temporarily stop the harassing phone calls from creditors wanting their money, but once you have filed bankruptcy, they must immediately cease all forms of contact until after your bankruptcy has been finally decided by the judge. All decisions by the courts are final and when they discharge your case you will ready to start over.

 

However, you might really want to be sure that you think it completely through because you will have poor credit for many, many years once it hits your credit report. Once it is where it normally stays for at least 7 years and it will likely keep you from getting any new credit.

 

There are things that you can consider before taking the bankruptcy route that will not put your credit at risk and that includes finding a lender to request a debt consolidation loan. This will make it possible for you to pay off the debts and stave off foreclosure and bankruptcy.

 

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

Getting Your Financial Future in Order with Bankruptcy

Although we don’t intentionally do it, sometimes we make ill-advised financial moves that lead to bankruptcy. While filing for bankruptcy can provide a reprieve for those who are unable to repay their debts, there are consequences which may affect your future, for instance:

  • Bankruptcy may place some restrictions on your employment or running a business
  • It doesn’t necessarily release from all debts, and your trustee may sell all your assets
  • Your name may permanently appear on the National Personal Insolvency Index (NPII)
  • You must inform a credit provider of your bankruptcy when trying to obtain future credit
  • While bankruptcy lasts for three years and a day, your trustee can lodge an objection to extend the bankruptcy for up to eight years

Do not be discouraged because there is life after bankruptcy. First, a good bankruptcy attorney can help you in initializing a debt management plan and ensure that you attend credit counseling sessions where you can receive free advice on important steps to take in the future to help you abate the damaging impact of insolvency.

There is no denying that bankruptcy can be a daunting and very emotional decision, however, having a bankruptcy lawyer by your side, he or she can help you find various debt relief options that may be available to you and most importantly, he or she can stop creditors from harassing you. It is also your bankruptcy attorney’s duty to help you negotiate, review and sign any reaffirmation agreements on secured property that you want to keep. Your bankruptcy attorney may appear in further court required appearances on your behalf to satisfy the bankruptcy court’s administrative requirements. While that is happening, consider the following ways of getting your financial future in order after filing for bankruptcy:

  • Stick to a budget

If living beyond your means is what may have got you in a bankruptcy pickle, creating and sticking to a realistic budget will help you become extra vigilant about your finances and prevent you from incurring unnecessary debts.

  • Set up automatic bill payments

One of the single, most important things you can do to restore your finances and your credit is making it a priority to pay all your current bills on time and offset any existing bills that you may have accrued in the past.

  • Get a secured credit card

By obtaining a secured credit card, you start depositing a prearranged amount of money into a bank account, which becomes your credit limit. Charging small amounts each month and repaying your debts as agreed is yet another strategy to rebuild your credit rating after bankruptcy.

  • Save

Now that you’re free from most of the debt, it’s up to you to manage your money. Start by building an emergency fund. Also look for financial coaching offered by various financial advisers to help you in managing and keeping your finances in check.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

When Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Is Better Than Chapter 7

If you’ve reached the point where you’re swimming in debt and can’t pay your bills, you may be wondering which type of bankruptcy is best. You may need a Chapter 7 bankruptcy lawyer or a Chapter 13 bankruptcy attorney. There are differences between each type.

Bankruptcy is never a simple process in the United States. Each type depends on your current income, assets, debts, and future financial goals.

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a type of liquidation bankruptcy that will clear out any unsecured debts you may have, including medical bills, and credit card balances. To declare Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you must currently have no income or little income. If you make over a certain amount of money, you’ll automatically have to claim for Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a type of reorganization bankruptcy. You must have a regular income and be able to pay back a portion of your debts through a repayment plan. There can be many benefits for filing for this type of bankruptcy than Chapter 7.

Chapter 13 bankruptcy will allow you to catch up on your missed mortgage payments. It may also allow you to clear unsecured liens on your house. This means that you will be able to keep your house, unlike filing for Chapter 7 where you can lose your property. You may also keep your nonexempt assets. How it works it that you pay back all or a portion of your debts through a repayment plan. This plan is based on your current income against expenses, and what types of debt you may have. Therefore, it’s commonly referred to as “reorganization bankruptcy”.

Another benefit is that Chapter 13 will allow you to get caught up with car loans without losing your car, and to pay off other non-dischargeable debts including alimony or child support arrears. In order to hire a Chapter 13 bankruptcy attorney, you must be an individual and not a business. For Chapter 13, you must not have more than $394,7255 of unsecured debt or $1,184,200 of secured debt. While the discharge is a lot longer with Chapter 13 than Chapter 7, 3-5 years versus 3-5 months, you’ll receive a full discharge.

It’s important to note that if you own property, Chapter 13 is a lot better than Chapter 7, as debtors will be able to keep all their property, whereas the trustee in Chapter 7 will sell your property to pay off your creditors. Your liens will also be stripped in Chapter 13, whereas in Chapter 7 they are not, leaving you with future debt loads to pay off in the future.

Before deciding which type of bankruptcy is right for you, you should talk to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy lawyer, or a Chapter 13 bankruptcy attorney, to get the best advice that pertains to your financial situation. You may just discover that you do qualify for Chapter 13 and will be able to keep your house and car!

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

Not All Debts Are Treated Equally When Filing For Bankruptcy

With a struggling economic climate, millions of people file for bankruptcy every year for varied reasons, most notably due to medical expenses, reduced income or job loss. According to US bankruptcy court statistics, personal bankruptcy has increased at an alarming rate and not just as a result of irresponsible spending, but because something like a divorce means taking on a partner’s debt if you had “regrettably” co-signed or opened joint accounts with them.

Filing For Bankruptcy

Unexpected catastrophes can also quickly drain savings that took years to accumulate including mountains of student loans, the rising costs of utility payments, inflation, foreclosure the list is endless. Bankruptcy laws are in place to give people whose finances have collapsed and need a second chance to start over. According to statistics from the American Bankruptcy Institute, nearly 95% of Chapter 7 bankruptcy cases decided in 2016 were discharged, meaning the individual was no longer legally required to pay the debt. But what about the other 4.5%?

If you are contemplating bankruptcy, you should consider discussing your options with an experienced bankruptcy attorney who works on liquidation bankruptcies where most of your debts are discharged or liquidated under bankruptcy law. A bankruptcy lawyer will also help you in compiling all your financial records, including debts, assets, income, and expenses.

The Length of Bankruptcy Process

Once you have filed for bankruptcy, the process usually takes six months or longer to complete, but the good thing is that during this time it triggers the automatic stay that prevents creditors from calling you, suing you, sending you letters, or even repossessing your property.

Items Not Discharged In Bankruptcy

When your petition is accepted, your case is assigned to a court trustee who then sets up a meeting with your creditors that you must attend. But not all petitions are accepted, for example; student loans are not discharged under a declaration of bankruptcy owing to the fact they are funded or guaranteed by the government and students are required to pay them off once they start working.

Another example of a non-dischargeable that can’t be in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy at are debts from a divorce because they are owed to a spouse but not as a domestic obligation. However, they can be included in a chapter 13 bankruptcy provided the debt becomes part of a payment plan, and the overdue payments will be continued and paid in full.

A debt incurred through fraudulent means, including one that was obtained to take advantage of the bankruptcy code, cannot be discharged. Unemployment benefits overpayments that you may be required to repay the excess, tax penalties, fines on speeding tickets and vehicle registration fees will also not be discharged in a bankruptcy.

Also, fees that are considered a priority debt, meaning you owe the federal government or local state in payroll taxes, past tax debts from previous years, current tax liability, any fees or penalties cannot be discharged under a declaration of bankruptcy, therefore, you must make an effort to pay or deal with the IRS directly.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

 

It’s A New Year and Time for You to Get Your Finances In Order

It’s now 2018 and time to get a new start on your life. If your finances have suffered miserably in past years, it’s now a new year and time for you to get your finances in order. Many people have increasing amounts of debt from mortgages, car loans, student loans, medical bills, and credit card debt. Often it can become unmanageable and you can feel like there is nothing to look forward to.  There is help, there is a way to forgive some or all your debts.  A bankruptcy attorney can help facilitate filing for chapter 7 or chapter 13 bankruptcy.

Filing for the Right Chapter

Without the assistance of a local bankruptcy attorney many people end up confusing the two chapters of bankruptcy. To get back on track in life, you should have a solid understanding of what each one offers to your future, and your finances. It can be a serious condition to have to file for bankruptcy, and both can affect your future.  It’s important to file for the one that’s right for you, so you can get back to good finances in the future.

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a certain liquidation bankruptcy that is made to rid you of unsecured debts. These may involve credit card debt or medical bills. To qualify for chapter 7 bankruptcy, you must currently have no income, or little disposable income. If you make too much money, you automatically must file for Chapter 13 instead.

Chapter 7 bankruptcy involves selling any property that you own so creditors can be paid back. If you have no assets, they won’t get anything. This type of Chapter 7 bankruptcy is best for low income or no-income people who have few or no assets.

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 13 bankruptcy is best for debtors who have a regular income. They can pay back at least some of their debts on a regular payment schedule. This is the path you’ll take if you don’t qualify for chapter 7. Even if you qualify for chapter 7, many debtors may decide to go the route of chapter 13. This is because there are additional benefits in 13 that 7 doesn’t have.

The benefits of chapter 13 bankruptcy include the ability to catch up on missed mortgage payments without losing your home. You may also be able to remove any unsecured junior liens from your house.  With chapter 13 bankruptcy, you’ll be able to keep your house or property. This will also include non-exempt assets. To qualify for chapter 13, you must repay your debt through a special repayment plan.

The amount you pay back will depend on your current income, expenses, and your type of debt. Therefore chapter 13 is commonly called a reorganization bankruptcy. It’s meant strictly for debtors who can afford to make monthly payments and get caught up on car payments, child support arrears, or alimony debts.

Know Your Rights

It’s important to be aware of your rights if you choose to file for chapter 7 or chapter 13 bankruptcy. Choose the route that’s most pertinent to you. Now you’ll be on your way to financial freedom.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

 

Choosing A Bankruptcy Attorney

It’s important to remember that bankruptcy is always considered a negative thing to have within your credit history. It will have a serious impact on any kind of credit loans in the future. With that said, sometimes the process of filing for bankruptcy is the best course of action for the situation you are in.  It is possible that you can and will bounce back with the help from the right bankruptcy lawyer.

Knowledge On Your Options Is Key

Understanding the difference between the various options for filing for bankruptcy is going to be important as well. You need to have a clear idea of what you can expect to do when you are involved in this kind of situation. A good bankruptcy lawyer is going to give you proper advice on what kind of procedure is going to be the best for you.

Understanding the differences between chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies is essential for you to make a good decision. Once you are able to hire an efficient lawyer for this purpose, you should be able to understand the difference and the consequences of each of those different options.

Your Credit Score Should Recover

The process of maintaining a good credit history is important, but don’t expect filing for bankruptcy to be some kind of final nail on your credit score possibilities. This is something that many people end up doing and they are able to recover from it, so don’t see it as some kind of extreme measure that is impossible to bounce back from. Just see it as something that is going to help you when there are no other viable options for you.

If you want to know as much as possible about chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies are the best thing to do is to schedule an appointment with a competent lawyer. One that is going to be able to help you clear any doubts you might have. Once you do this, you are going to be able to get the most reliable outcome when you finally decide to file for bankruptcy in order to put your finances back in order.

There Is Nothing To Fear

This process is not the end of the world and you should not be ashamed of having to go through it. It happens to major corporations and to wealthy individuals all the time. It happens to highly successful people and even to those who always play it safe. The only thing you can do is be prepared if you need to do this at any point.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

The Best Bankruptcy Option For Your Situation

Have you ever been overwhelmed by debt? Have you ever considered if bankruptcy was the next step in your financial recovery? There are numerous advantages and disadvantages that come with filing for bankruptcy. We will look into common myths that surround bankruptcy and when it may be the best option for you.

Bankruptcy is an arrangement in federal law that allows individuals and businesses to get a reprieve from their debts and to get a fresh financial beginning. This system allows honest individuals who have fallen on hard times to get on with their lives without the harassment that comes from creditors.

There are two common categories within bankruptcy law that can be declared: chapter 7 bankruptcy and chapter 13 bankruptcy. In the most basic terms chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidates non-exempt assets and the proceeds are used to pay off creditors. This is a solid option when there is a large amount of unsecured debt to be covered by a small income. Chapter 13 bankruptcy helps individuals and businesses to reorganize and adjust their debts while using a repayment plan to cover the outstanding debt. This is a good option for those debtors that have an income and want to avoid foreclosure and catch up on outstanding bills.

A major advantage of filing for bankruptcy is that creditors are on notice to stop trying to collect outstanding debts from you. This means that they no longer can call you, send you letters, file lawsuits, garnish wages or seize your assets.

A major disadvantage in declaring bankruptcy is the devastation it wreaks on your credit score. Another issue that arises in bankruptcy is that certain non-exempt assets can be sold and debts from mortgages, student loans, taxes, alimony and child support cannot be discharged.

There are many myths in bankruptcy. One myth is that by just stating you want to file bankruptcy you have declared bankruptcy. This is not true. For bankruptcy to be legal you must file the right paperwork, go to credit counseling and pay the fees. It all reality it is best that a bankruptcy attorney is hired to facilitate the process to avoid legal complications from arising with improperly filed paperwork.

Another common myth is that you can go to jail for owing money. This is untrue. It is not against the law to owe money no matter how aggressive the debt collector is. One myth is that by just stating you want to file bankruptcy you have declared bankruptcy. This is not true. For bankruptcy to be legal you must file the right paperwork, go to credit counseling and pay the fees. It all reality it is best that a bankruptcy attorney is hired to facilitate the process to avoid legal complications from arising with improperly filed paperwork.

Another common myth is that you can go to jail for owing money. This is untrue. It is not against the law to owe money no matter how aggressive the debt collector is. Yes, creditors can sue you or take you to court but they cannot send you to jail.

Consider filing for bankruptcy if you are unable to meet your financial obligations. If you have been work for an extended period of time, delinquent on your taxes, nearing foreclosure on your home, having your wages garnished or pending a law suit on delinquent bills it may be time to meet with a bankruptcy attorney to further look into the benefit bankruptcy may have for your financial future.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief athttp://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

Knowing When It Is Time Seek A Bankruptcy Attorney

When it comes to filing for bankruptcy different thresholds exist for when it is time to call it quits and throw in the towel.  For many clients filing for bankruptcy comes after months of calls from creditors threatening to garnish wages or threatening to take you to court for not paying your debts.   The media bombards us with nightmarish tales of bankruptcy and the stigma that we assume will follow often deters seeking assistance.  With all this going against you how do you truly know when it is time to throw in the towel, meet with a bankruptcy attorney and file for bankruptcy?

If you think you are reaching the financial danger zone there are a few questions you can ask yourself to determine if there is a way out or if bankruptcy is the only option.

First, look at the payments you are currently making on your outstanding debts.  Are you only making the minimum payment?

The next thing to address is the issue of creditors and harassing phone calls.  Do you find that you can’t make it a day without getting a phone call from someone that is seeking to collect on a debt that you owe?

When you begin to think about getting your financial house in order and sort out your finances do you get nervous?  Are you plagued with nightmares when you think about creating a budget?

Have you taken the time to add up the exact amount that you owe?  Is debt consolidation a consideration?  Does the amount of money that you have coming in make it feasible to buckle down and get ahead within the next five years?

If you can answer yes to any two or more of the questions listed above then it may be time to seek out the advice and counsel of a local bankruptcy attorney.  Bankruptcy is a definite option to assist you through uncertain financial times.   If you owe more than you can afford to pay while continuing to live a minimal standard of living then it is time to give bankruptcy a fair consideration.

You can seek relief from bankruptcy by voluntarily filing or if creditors ask the court order you to file for bankruptcy protection.  In either situation you will want to consult with a bankruptcy attorney to determine the next course of action for your current circumstance.  There are two different types of bankruptcy laws you can file for protection under: chapter 7 and chapter 13.  Meeting with an attorney that specializes in bankruptcy will allow you to proceed in the most appropriate manner.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.

Reasons Behind Filing For Bankruptcy

Why do people end up filing for bankruptcy?  This is a question that is often posed to bankruptcy attorneys and the answer people expect to get back is that people just aren’t responsible with their credit cards.  This however, more often than not, is not the reason people end up faced with the option of bankruptcy.  In fact most people that are facing bankruptcy dread being there.  It isn’t a decision that has been made freely.  In fact, most people are almost forced into it after spending months on end of harassing calls from creditors and such.

One of the most commonly seen explanations for people looking into bankruptcy is because of illness or disability.  When a family member becomes ill the entire family has to adjust.  This may mean that the family is left without the same budget that they have become accustomed to.  An illness can fall on a parent or child contributing to a change in income.

Not only does the expense of medical care come into play but the loss of income when time off is needed to provide care.  This leaves many families falling behind on bills as payments that were being made were based off of the excepted income to stay the same.   This is a common development that bankruptcy attorneys see in family’s seeking debt relief under federal bankruptcy.

Another common reason that people find themselves filing for debt replied is unemployment.  When individuals are out of work and unable to find a source of income it becomes pretty difficult to pay your bills.  Often what we see is that people will go a period of time without a job and begin to fall short on paying their bills.  As payments start to add up, even after a person does find employment it is difficult to dig them out of the hole they have found themselves in.  For instance, a thirty thousand dollar debt at twenty percent interest is difficult at best to pay off when making only forty five thousand a year.  The debt starts to become overwhelming and leads to desperation.

About thirty percent of people that are going through bankruptcy have also divorce within the past five years.  The ramifications of a divorce aren’t often felt till a few years after the dust has settled on the process as a whole.  This is especially true of women who find they are raising children in a single parent home collecting less than needed to live and raise children.  They begin to fall back on the old standby of payday loans, credit cards and personal loans.  Eventually this catches up to them and they find that there is nowhere else to turn.

There are a number of myths that surround individuals finding they are at need to look into bankruptcy debt relief.  Don’t fall victim when it comes to categorizing things in a simplistic manner.  Most people going through bankruptcy are doing so because they are all out of options and they have nowhere else to turn.

Bohikian Law Group specializes in chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcies in Michigan. Contact us today to find a bankruptcy attorney that will help you in debt relief at http://www.bohikianlaw.com/ today.